ACROPOLIS OF ATHENS
Acropolis of Athens, This sacred site is nothing less than the most visited attraction in Greece, and it’s probably the main reason to visit the capital, Athens.
The Acropolis is normally open every day from 08:00 to 20:00 during the summer season (April to October) and from 08:30 to 15:00 in the winter season (November to March). ARRIVE EARLY! You can see the best sunrise in town from the Acropolis.
The tickets to the Acropolis are only available at the ticket office on site. The prices change according to the season:
From April to October:20€ full and 10€ reduced to visit the Acropolis, its south and north slopes & 30€ full and 15€ reduced the special ticket, which is valid for 5 days and allows you to visit the following: Acropolis, Ancient Agora, Archeological Museum of Kerameikos, Archeological site of Lykeion, Hadrian’s Library, Kerameikos, Museum of the Ancient Agora, North and South slopes of the Acropolis and the Roman Agora.
From November to March:12€ full and 6€ reduced.
- Visit the Acropolis Museum first before going to the Acropolis itself.
- Wear comfortable walking shoes as there is an ascent up to the archaeological site. I would rate this walk as low to medium intensity & you don’t need to be super fit. I would recommend to not forget your sunglasses, sunscreen and a good hat during summers.
- Carry your own water. There is a kiosk at the entry below the Acropolis that serves drinks and light refreshments.
- The most delicious Greek yogurt is close by, so be sure to check it out before or after your tour!
- I highly recommend that you watch the documentary in the museum. It will give you so much information about the Acropolis. The time we finally went up to the Acropolis, we had all the information. We got from the Acropolis museum which made our trip more enjoyable.
PARTS OF THE ACROPOLIS
It is a symbol of classical Greece. It took over 9 years between 447-438BC during the heights of Athenian democracy. Sadly like many wonders of the ancient world, much of the Parthenon’s sculptural decoration was looted over time but an impressive collection of artefacts are still in existence and beautifully preserved and presented at the Acropolis Museum.
The Porch of the Maidens sits at the rear of the elegant Erechtheion constructed between 421-406BC. Directly facing the Parthenon, the maidens were given the name ‘Caryatids’, after the young women from the village of Karyes in Laconia in the Peloponnese. Each year at a festival dedicated to the goddess Artemis. Young girls from Karyes would perform a worship dance called the Caryatis.
The Temple of Athena Nike was finished around 420 BC, during the Peace of Nicias. It is a tetrastyle (four column) Ionic structure with a colonnaded portico at both front and rear facades (amphiprostyle), designed by the architectKallikrates.Built around 420 BC, the temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis.
It has a prominent position on a steep bastion at the south-west corner of the Acropolis to the right of the entrance, the Propylaea.
The prototypical Greek example is the Propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The Greek RevivalBrandenburg Gate of Berlin and the Propylaea in Munich both evoke the central portion of the Athens propylaea.
The Greek word προπύλαιον propylaeon (propylaeum is the Latin version) is the union of the prefix προ- pro-, “before, in front of” plus the plural of πύλη Pyle “gate,” meaning literally “that which is before the gates,” but the word has come to mean simply “gate building.
Here Athens stretches out endlessly below. You can see the ceramic tiled roofs of the houses in the Plaka beneath you, and if you look up Lysikratous Street you will see Hadrian’s Arch and the ruins of the giant Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Olympic stadium nestled in a pine-covered hill, an island of green in a sea of concrete.
To the left of the stadium is the Zappion building and the National Gardens. To the right of the stadium, you can see another large patch of green which is the First Cemetery.
The Acropolis is a great place to get your bearings and get an understanding of the layout of the city. In fact, the more you know Athens the more interesting it is to come up here and see familiar landmarks.
built by the Romans in 161 AD and still used today for classical concerts, ballet, performances of high cultural value and Yanni. Further on is the Theater of Dionysius the first stone theater and home to Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, and Aristophanes.
The theatre was rebuilt around 342 BC by Lykourgos and then enlarged by the Romans to be used for gladiator fights.
In July of 2003, I saw Jethro Tull here, a very first rock concert held in the ancient theatre.
Though perhaps some people hope it was the last, I would be happy to see more.